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A glossary of carpet terms

Carpet floors are so popular because they're beautiful, soft, and warm, and highly functional. They're noise insulators, energy savers and provide safety and improve indoor air quality. Like anything, it's better to know some necessary information and terms, so here's some basic terminology. Feel free to come into the Floor Depot carpet flooring showroom if you have additional questions or concerns.

Padding protects the carpet

You can't see it, but padding protects the rug and provides a solid foundation. Without padding, your rug's appearance, performance longevity will be affected. Not all padding works for all rugs, so don't accept whatever is thrown into the bag; instead, ask your flooring expert about the best one for your surface. Typically, a cushion is recommended of at least five or six pounds and no more than ⅜ -inch thick.

Other terms include:

As you're shopping for the best rug to meet your needs, it's necessary to understand these terms: Fiber is the rug's yarn. It comes in natural or synthetic versions, and your choice will come down to your needs, style, and budget. Although there are blends, these are the five most common ones: Wool is natural, white, and plush. Synthetics include nylon, the most common, which is highly durable and stain-resistant when treated. Polyester has superior resistance to stains but is a little less resilient than nylon. Olefin is budget-friendly and often associated with the Berber. It, too, has natural stain resistance. Triexta is strong with permanent stain resistance built into the fiber.

Also, know about the pile, which refers to the height of the fibers. Density indicates how closely the fibers are tufted together, while face weight means the amount of fiber on one side of the carpet. Texture points to whether the fibers are looped, cut, or twisted. Twist signifies how often a fiber is wrapped per one-inch length; twist numbers usually go from one to six, with the higher number meaning more twist and, as a result, more durability.

Also, understand construction: The shag is a high pile rug with long, loose fibers, while the frieze, a high pile, has long, tightly twisted yarns. A Berber is a looped, low pile (short, tightly woven) rug; Saxony is a cut pile with either a plush, velvety texture, or a patterned one. The cut and loop rugs refer to some fibers being cut, and others looped to create and embed a pattern.

Floor Depot invites you to join our family of happy customers who buy premium flooring at the lowest possible prices. A family-owned-and-operated business, we have over 13 years of flooring experience and have been successfully serving the San Jose, CA area, particularly the cities of San Jose, CA, Santa Cruz, CA, Palo Alto, CA, Mountain View, CA, Santa Clara, CA, && Fremont, CA. Our showroom is in San Jose, CA; visit us for your free carpet flooring estimate.